Mouse RAR-related Orphan Receptor Gamma (mRORγ; nr1f3)
|Product Family||Product Number||Product Description||Technical Manual|
|M04001-32||Mouse RORγ Reporter Assay System, 3 x 32 assays in 96-well format||Technical Manual|
|M04001||Mouse RORγ Reporter Assay System, 1 x 96-well format assays||Technical Manual|
Also available in Human
RAR-related orphan receptor gamma (ROR-gamma), also known as NR1F3 (nuclear receptor subfamily 1, group F, member 3) is a nuclear receptor encoded by the RORG gene. The RAR-related orphan receptors (RORs) are members of the nuclear receptor family of intracellular transcription factors. There are three forms of ROR, ROR-α, -β, and -γ and each is encoded by a separate gene (RORA, RORB, and RORC respectively). The RORs are somewhat unusual in that they appear to bind as monomers to hormone response elements as opposed to the majority of other nuclear receptors which bind as dimers. Melatonin has been reported to be the endogenous ligand for ROR-α while CGP 52608 has been identified as a ROR-α selective synthetic ligand. However X-ray crystallographic (PDB 1n83 and 1s0x) and functional data both suggest that cholesterol or a cholesterol derivative may be the endogenous ligand. In contrast, all-trans retinoic acid binds with high affinity to ROR-β and -γ but not ROR-α.
INDIGO’s Mouse RORγ (RAR-related Orphan Receptor Gamma; nr1f3) referred to as mouse rorC, or here as mRORγ. The N-terminal DNA binding domain (DBD) of the native mRORγ receptor has been substituted with that of the yeast GAL4-DBD. The principle application of this reporter assay is in the screening of test samples to quantify inverse-agonist or agonist activities that they may exert against mouse RORγ.
For more information on RORγ, visit the Nuclear Receptor Resource.
Also available in Human
This Mouse RAR-related orphan receptor gamma (mRORγ) kit is an all-inclusive assay system that includes, in addition to mRORγ Reporter Cells, two optimized media for use during cell culture and (optionally) in diluting the test samples, a reference agonist, Luciferase Detection Reagent, a cell culture-ready assay plate, and a detailed protocol.
mRORγ Reporter Cells are prepared using INDIGO’s proprietary CryoMite™ process. This cryo-preservation method yields high cell viability post-thaw, and provides the convenience of immediately dispensing healthy, division-competent reporter cells into assay plates. There is no need for intermediate spin-and-wash steps, viability determinations, or cell titer adjustments.
INDIGO’s assay kits feature a luciferase detection reagent specially formulated to provide stable light emission between 5 and 90+ minutes after initiating the luciferase reaction. Incorporating a 5-minute reaction-rest period ensures that light emission profiles attain maximal stability, thereby allowing assay plates to be processed in batch. By doing so, the signal output from all sample wells, from one plate to the next, may be directly compared within an experimental set.
Kits are offered in different assay formats to accommodate researchers’ needs: 3x 32 and 1x 96 assay formats for screening small numbers of test compounds, as well as custom bulk reagents for HTS applications.
Bulk assay reagents can be custom manufactured to accommodate any scale of HTS. Please inquire.
Service Assays: Human, Mouse
The primary application of INDIGO’s cell-based nuclear receptor assays are to quantitatively assess the bioactivity of a test compound as an agonist (activator) or antagonist (inhibition of an agonist response) of a given receptor. Service assays include a positive control reference compound and ‘vehicle’ control for every experiment. A formal study report and all data files are provided to the client upon completion of the study. To receive a quote for your proposed study, complete & submit the online “Request a Quote” form or contact an INDIGO Customer Service Representative to discuss your desired study parameters.
Discovery of a novel RORγ antagonist with skin-restricted exposure for topical treatment of mild to moderate psoriasis
ABSTRACT Clinical success of IL-17/IL-23 pathway biologics for the treatment of moderate to severe psoriasis suggests that targeting RORγt, a master regulator for the proliferation and function of Th17 cells, could be an effective alternative. However, oral RORγ antagonists (VTP43742, TAK828) with high systemic exposure showed toxicity in phase I/II clinical trials and terminated development.
Discovery of Retinoic Acid-Related Orphan Receptor γt Inverse Agonists via Docking and Negative Image-Based Screening
ABSTRACT Retinoic acid-related orphan receptor γt (RORγt) has a vital role in the differentiation of T-helper 17 (TH17) cells. Potent and specific RORγt inverse agonists are sought for treating TH17-related diseases such as psoriasis, rheumatoid arthritis, and type 1 diabetes. Here, the aim was to discover novel RORγt ligands using both standard molecular docking and
ABSTRACT Psoriasis affects 3% of the population worldwide, and there is no known cure. Psoriasis is associated with an increased risk of psoriatic arthritis, lymphomas, cardiovascular disease, and Crohn’s disease. Psoriasis treatments today include steroid and vitamin D3 cream, ultraviolet light, and immune system suppressing medications such as methotrexate. The T cells responsible for psoriasis
In vivo regulation of gene expression and T helper type 17 differentiation by RORγt inverse agonists
ABSTRACT The orphan nuclear receptor, retinoic acid receptor-related orphan nuclear receptor γt (RORγt), is required for the development and pathogenic function of interleukin-17A-secreting CD4+ T helper type 17 (Th17) cells. Whereas small molecule RORγt antagonists impair Th17 cell development and attenuate autoimmune inflammation in vivo, the broader effects of these inhibitors on RORγt-dependent gene expression
ABSTRACT The RAR-related orphan receptor gamma t (RORγt) is a nuclear receptor required for generating IL-17–producing CD4+ Th17 T cells, which are essential in host defense and may play key pathogenic roles in autoimmune diseases. Oxysterols elicit profound effects on immune and inflammatory responses as well as on cholesterol and lipid metabolism. Here, we describe the identification of several naturally occurring