A variety of 17α-triazolyl and 9α-cyano derivatives of estradiol were prepared and evaluated for binding to human ERβ in both a TR-FRET assay, as well as ERβ and ERα agonism in cell-based functional assays. 9α-Cyanoestradiol (5) was nearly equipotent as estradiol as an agonist for both ERβ and ERα. The potency of the 17α-triazolylestradiol analogs is considerably more variable and depends on the nature of the 4-substituent of the triazole ring. While rigid protein docking simulations exhibited significant steric clashing, induced fit docking providing more protein flexibility revealed that the triazole linker of analogs 2d and 2e extends outside of the traditional ligand binding domain with the benzene ring located in the loop connecting helix 11 to helix 12.
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Date of publication: 29 July 2020; Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
Author Information: Edward A. Wetzel (1); Alicia M. Hanson (2); Callie L. Troutfetter (2); Daniel J. Burkett (1); Daniel S. Sem (2); William A. Donaldson (1)
(1) Department of Chemistry, Marquette University, P. O. Box 1881, Milwaukee, WI 53201-1881, United States
(2) School of Pharmacy, Center for Structure-based Drug Design and Development, Concordia University Wisconsin, Mequon, WI 53097, United States