Estrogen Receptors Panel (ERα, ERβ)
|Product Family||Product Number||Product Description||Technical Manual|
|Estrogen Receptor (ERα, ERβ)||IB00421-48P||Human Estrogen Receptor Panel (ERα, ERβ), 2x 48-well assays||Technical Manual|
Estrogen Receptors Assay Panel Background
Estrogen receptor alpha (ER-alpha), also known as NR3A1 (nuclear receptor subfamily 3, group A, member 1), is a nuclear receptor which is activated by the sex hormone estrogen. ER-alpha is encoded by the human gene ESR1 (Estrogen Receptor 1).The estrogen receptor (ESR) is a ligand-activated transcription factor composed of several domains important for hormone binding, DNA binding, and activation of transcription. Alternative splicing results in several ESR1 mRNA transcripts, which differ primarily in their 5-prime untranslated regions. The translated receptors show less variability.
Estrogen receptor beta (ER-beta), also known as NR3A2 (nuclear receptor subfamily 3, group A, member 2), is a nuclear receptor which is activated by the sex hormone estrogen. ER-beta is encoded by the human gene ESR2 (Estrogen Receptor 2). This gene encodes a member of the family of estrogen receptors and superfamily of nuclear receptor transcription factors. The gene product contains an N-terminal DNA binding domain and C-terminal ligand binding domain and is localized to the nucleus, cytoplasm, and mitochondria. Upon binding to 17beta-estradiol or related ligands, the encoded protein forms homo- or hetero-dimers that interact with specific DNA sequences to activate transcription. Some isoforms dominantly inhibit the activity of other estrogen receptor family members. Several alternatively spliced transcript variants of this gene have been described, but the full-length nature of some of these variants has not been fully characterized. ER-β is expressed by many tissues including blood monocytes and tissue macrophages, colonic and pulmonary epithelial cells and in prostatic epithelium and in malignant counterparts of these tissues.ER-β may have anti-proliferative effects and therefore oppose the actions of ER-α in reproductive tissue. ER-β may also have an important role in adaptive function of the lung during pregnancy.
Estrogen Receptor Assay Panel Kit
This PANEL of Estrogen Receptors assay kit is an all-inclusive firefly luciferase reporter assay system that includes in addition to reporter cells for each ER, optimized cell culture medium, a medium for diluting test compounds, 17-β-estradiol control agonist, stable-glow luciferase detection reagent, detailed protocol, Protocol Quick Guide, and a cell culture-ready assay plate in strip-well format so that (if preferred) ERα and ERβ assays may be performed at different times.
This PANEL contains sufficient materials to perform 48 ERα assays and 48 ERβ assays in 96-well plate format.
ER Reporter Cells are prepared using INDIGO’s proprietary CryoMite™ process. This cryo-preservation method yields high cell viability post-thaw, and provides the convenience of immediately dispensing healthy, division-competent reporter cells into assay plates. There is no need for intermediate spin-and-wash steps, viability determinations, or cell titer adjustments.
INDIGO’s assay kits feature a luciferase detection reagent specially formulated to provide stable light emission between 5 and 90+ minutes after initiating the luciferase reaction. Incorporating a 5-minute reaction-rest period ensures that light emission profiles attain maximal stability, thereby allowing assay plates to be processed in batch. By doing so, the signal output from all sample wells, from one plate to the next, may be directly compared within an experimental set.
Bulk assay reagents can be custom manufactured to accommodate any scale of HTS. Please inquire.
Estrogen Receptor Assay Panel Services
The primary application of INDIGO’s cell-based nuclear receptor assays are to quantitatively assess the bioactivity of a test compound as an agonist (activator) or antagonist (inhibition of an agonist response) of a given receptor. Service assays include a positive control reference compound and ‘vehicle’ control for every experiment. A formal study report and all data files are provided to the client upon completion of the study. To receive a quote for your proposed study, complete & submit the online “Request a Quote” form or contact an INDIGO Customer Service Representative to discuss your desired study parameters.