Product Description and Product Data
This is an all-inclusive cell-based luciferase reporter assay kit targeting the Human Farnesoid X Receptor (FXR). INDIGO’s FXR reporter assay utilizes proprietary mammalian cells that have been engineered to provide constitutive expression of the Human FXR. In addition to FXR Reporter Cells, this kit provides two optimized media for use during cell culture and in diluting the user’s test samples, a reference agonist, Luciferase Detection Reagent, and a cell culture-ready assay plate. The principal application of this assay is in the screening of test samples to quantify any functional activity, either agonist or antagonist, that they may exert against human FXR. This kit provides researchers with clear, reproducible results, exceptional cell viability post-thaw, and consistent results lot to lot. Kits must be stored at -80C. Do not store in liquid nitrogen. Note: reporter cells cannot be refrozen or maintained in extended culture.
Clear, Reproducible Results
- All-Inclusive Assay Systems
- Exceptional Cell Viability Post-Thaw
- Consistent Results Lot to Lot
|Target Type||Nuclear Hormone Receptor|
|Assay Mode||Agonist, Antagonist|
|Shelf Life||6 months|
|Shipping Requirements||Dry Ice|
The farnesoid X receptor (FXR), also known as NR1H4 is a nuclear hormone receptor with activity similar to that seen in other steroid receptors such as estrogen or progesterone receptor, but more similar in form to PPAR, LXR and RXR. Encoded by the NR1H4 gene, FXR is expressed at high levels in the liver and intestine. Chenodeoxycholic acid and other bile acids are natural ligands for FXR.
Like other steroid receptors, when activated, FXR translocates to the cell nucleus, forms a heterodimer with RXR and binds to hormone response elements on DNA (FXEs) to elicit expression or transrepression of gene products. One of the primary functions of FXR activation is the suppression of cholesterol 7 alpha-hydroxylase (CYP7A1), the rate-limiting enzyme in bile acid synthesis from cholesterol. FXR does not directly bind to the CYP7A1 promoter. Rather, FXR induces expression of small heterodimer partner (SHP) which then functions to inhibit transcription of the CYP7A1 gene. In this way a negative feedback pathway is established in which synthesis of bile acids is inhibited when cellular levels is already high.
INDIGO’s FXR Reporter Assay Systems utilize proprietary mammalian cells engineered to express human NR1H4 protein, commonly referred to as FXR.
The principle application of this FXR assay is in the screening of test samples to quantify functional activities, either as agonist or antagonist, that they may exert against the human farnesoid x receptor.
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