Human MR Reporter Assay Kit

1 x-96 well format assays$860 USD
3 x-32 assays in-96 well format$930 USD
1 x-384 well format assays$2185 USD
1 x-96 well format assays
3 x-32 assays in-96 well format
1 x-384 well format assays

Product Description and Product Data

This is an all-inclusive cell-based luciferase reporter assay kit targeting the Human Mineralocorticoid Receptor (MR). INDIGO’s MR reporter assay utilizes proprietary mammalian cells that have been engineered to provide constitutive expression of the MR. In addition to MR Reporter Cells, this kit provides two optimized media for use during cell culture and in diluting the user’s test samples, a reference agonist, Luciferase Detection Reagent, and a cell culture-ready assay plate. The principal application of this assay is in the screening of test samples to quantify any functional activity, either agonist or antagonist, that they may exert against human MR. This kit provides researchers with clear, reproducible results, exceptional cell viability post-thaw, and consistent results lot to lot. Kits must be stored at -80C. Do not store in liquid nitrogen. Note: reporter cells cannot be refrozen or maintained in extended culture.


  • Clear, Reproducible Results

  • All-Inclusive Assay Systems
  • Exceptional Cell Viability Post-Thaw
  • Consistent Results Lot to Lot

Product Specifications

Target TypeNuclear Hormone Receptor
Receptor FormNative
Assay ModeAgonist, Antagonist
Kit Components
  • MR Reporter Cells
  • Cell Recovery Medium (CRM)
  • Compound Screening Medium (CSM)
  • Aldosterone, (ref. agonist; in DMSO)
  • Detection Substrate
  • Detection Buffer
  • White, sterile, cell-culture ready assay plate
Shelf Life6 months
Orthologs AvailableNo
Shipping RequirementsDry Ice
Storage temperature-80C


Agonist dose-response analyses of the Human MR. Analyses of MR Reporter Cells using Aldosterone (provided), Cortisol and Dexamethasone (Cayman Chemical). Concentrated stocks of agonists were prepared in DMSO, then serially diluted using CSM. Final assay concentrations for each agonist were: 4000, 1000, 250, 62.5, 15.6, 3.91, 0.977 and 0 pM. Luminescence was quantified and average relative light units (RLU) and corresponding standard deviation (SD), % coefficient of variation (%CV), and Relative Percent Activation were determined for each treatment concentration (n = 4). Z’ values were calculated as described by Zhang, et al. (1999). GraphPad Prism software was used to perform the least squares method of non-linear regression and to determine EC50 values. The low %CV and high Z' score confirm the robust performance of this MR Assay and its suitability for HTS Applications.
Human MR antagonist assay performance was validated using the reference antagonists Canrenone (Cayman Chemical), Spironolactone, RU26752, RU28318 and Eplerenone (all from Tocris). Assay setup and quantification of MR activity were performed following the protocol described in this Technical Manual. Human MR Reporter cells were co-treated with a fixed ~EC80 concentration of Aldosterone (140 pM) and varying concentrations of the respective antagonist compounds. 'No antagonist' controls were included. Assay plates were incubated for 22 hours, then processed to quantify MR activity for each treatment condition.

Target Background

The mineralocorticoid receptor (MR), also called aldosterone receptor, is a receptor with high affinity for mineralocorticoids. It belongs to the steroid hormone receptor family where the ligand diffuses into cells, interacts with the receptor, and results in a signal transduction affecting specific gene expression in the nucleus. The gene for the NR3C2 (located on chromosome 4q31.1-31.2) encodes for the 107 kDa MR protein.

MR is expressed in many tissues, such as the kidney, colon, heart, central nervous system (hippocampus), brown adipose tissue, and sweat glands. In epithelial tissues, its activation leads to the expression of proteins regulating ionic and water transports (mainly the epithelial sodium channel or ENaC, Na+/K+ pump, serum and glucocorticoid induced kinase or SGK1) resulting in the reabsorption of sodium, and as a consequence an increase in extracellular volume, increase in blood pressure, and an excretion of potassium to maintain a normal salt concentration in the body.

The receptor is activated by mineralocorticoids such as aldosterone and deoxycorticosterone as well as glucocorticoids, like cortisol and cortison. It also responds to some progestins. Spironolactone and eplerenone are mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists. Activation of the mineralocorticoid receptor, upon the binding of its ligand aldosterone, results in its translocation to the cell nucleus, homodimerization and binding to hormone response elements present in the promoter of some genes. This results in the complex recruitment of the transcriptional machinery and the transcription into mRNA of the DNA sequence of the activated genes.

INDIGO’s Mineralocorticoid Receptor Reporter Assay Systems utilize proprietary mammalian cells engineered to express human NR3C2 protein, commonly referred to as MR.

The principle application of this assay product is in the screening of test samples to quantify functional activities, either agonist or antagonist, that they may exert against the human mineralocorticoid receptor.


Tris(1,3-dichloro-2-propyl) phosphate (TDCPP) is an organophosphate flame retardant. The primary TDCPP metabolite, bis(1,3-dichloro-2-propyl) phosphate (BDCPP), is detectable in the urine of over 90 % of Americans. Epidemiological studies show sex-specific associations between urinary BDCPP levels and metabolic syndrome, which is an established risk factor for type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and stroke. We used a mouse model to determine whether TDCPP exposure disrupts glucose homeostasis. Six-week old male and female C57BL/6J mice were given ad libitum access to diets containing vehicle (0.1 % DMSO) and TDCPP resulting in the following treatment groups: 0 mg/kg/day, 0.02 mg/kg/day, 1 mg/kg/day, or 100 mg/kg/day. After being on the experimental diet for five weeks without interruption, body composition was analyzed, glucose and insulin tolerance tests were performed, and fasting glucose and insulin levels were quantified. TDCPP at 100 mg/kg/day caused male sex-specific adiposity, fasting hyperglycemia, and insulin resistance. TDCPP-induced modulation of nuclear receptor activation was investigated using an in vitro screen to identify potential mechanisms of metabolic disruption. TDCPP activated farnesoid X receptor (FXR) and pregnane X receptor (PXR), and inhibited the androgen receptor (AR). PXR target genes, but not FXR target genes, were upregulated in livers from mice exposed to 100 mg TDCPP/kg/day. Interestingly, PXR target genes were differentially expressed in livers from both males and females. It remains to be determined whether TDCPP-induced metabolic disruption occurs via modulation of nuclear receptor activity. Taken together, these studies build upon the association of TDCPP exposure and metabolic syndrome in humans by identifying sex-specific effects of TDCPP on glucose homeostasis in mice.
Glucocorticoids (GCs) are commonly used topical treatments for skin diseases but are associated with both local and systemic side effects. In this study, we describe a selective non-steroidal glucocorticoid receptor (GR) agonist for topical use, LEO 134310, which is rapidly deactivated in the blood resulting in low systemic exposure and a higher therapeutic index in the TPA-induced skin inflammation mouse model compared with betamethasone valerate (BMV) and clobetasol propionate (CP). Selectivity of LEO 134310 for GR was confirmed within a panel of nuclear receptors, including the mineralocorticoid receptor (MR), which has been associated with induction of skin atrophy. Topical treatment with LEO 134310 in minipigs did not result in any significant reduction in epidermal thickness in contrast to significant epidermal thinning induced by treatment with BMV and CP. Thus, the profile of LEO 134310 may potentially provide an effective and safer treatment option for skin diseases compared with currently used glucocorticoids.

Also available as a service

Mineralocorticoid Receptor (MR, NR3C2)