Product Description and Product Data
This is an all-inclusive cell-based luciferase reporter assay kit targeting the Human Tropomyosin receptor kinases A (TrkA) which is also commonly referred to as Neurotrophic Tyrosine Kinase Receptor, type 1 (NTRK1). INDIGO’s TrkA reporter assay utilizes proprietary mammalian cells that have been engineered to provide constitutive expression of TrkA. In addition to TrkA Reporter Cells, this kit provides two optimized media for use during cell culture and in diluting the user’s test samples, a reference activator, Luciferase Detection Reagent, and a cell culture-ready assay plate. The principal application of this assay is in the screening of test samples to quantify any functional activity, either activating or inhibitory, that they may exert against human TrkA, or the coupled Ca+2∙calcineurin / NFAT signal transduction pathway. This kit provides researchers with clear, reproducible results, exceptional cell viability post-thaw, and consistent results lot to lot. Kits must be stored at -80C. Do not store in liquid nitrogen. Note: reporter cells cannot be refrozen or maintained in extended culture.
Clear, Reproducible Results
- All-Inclusive Assay Systems
- Exceptional Cell Viability Post-Thaw
- Consistent Results Lot to Lot
|Target Type||Growth Factor Receptor|
|Assay Mode||Agonist, Antagonist|
|Shelf Life||6 months|
|Shipping Requirements||Dry Ice|
Tropomyosin receptor kinases A, B and C constitute a family of receptors denoted as TrkA, TrkB, and TrkC. Trk’s are single-pass transmembrane receptors that contain an extracellular ligand-binding domain, transmembrane domain, and an intracellular tyrosine kinase domain. Neurotrophins, the physiological activators of Trk receptors, comprise a group of proteins that include Nerve Growth Factor beta (NGF-β), Neurotrophin 3 (NT-3), Neurotrophin 4 (NT-4) and Brain Derived-Neurotrophic Factor (BDNF). The active forms of these neurotrophins are disulfide-linked homodimer polypeptides. The binding of neurotrophins to Trk’s triggers receptor homodimerization and autophosphorylation. The intrinsic tyrosine kinase activities of activated, dimeric Trk receptor initiate intracellular signaling cascades that include RAS-MAPK, PI3-AKT, and PLCγ pathways. Trk’s are expressed in multiple tissue types, and are primarily involved in neuronal development, neuronal proliferation, and avoidance of programmed cell death. Chromosomal rearrangements of NTRK1-3 may result in gene fusions have been clinically validated as oncogenic drivers in a wide array of human cancers. Not surprising, the Trk receptors command much interest as targets for drug development and drug safety screening. Topical recombinant human nerve growth factor beta (rhNGF-β) has been FDA-approved for the treatment for patients with neurotropic keratitis, as well as Trk inhibitors for the treatment of patients with solid tumors harboring NTRK gene fusions. It is also widely accepted that neurotrophins contribute to the pain suffered in osteoarthritis, and anti-NGF antibodies are efficacious in reducing these pain symptoms.
INDIGO’s TrkA Reporter Cells include the luciferase reporter gene functionally linked to tandem consensus sequences of NFAT genetic response elements upstream of a minimal promoter. Activated NFAT binds to these response elements to seed the formation of a complete transcription complex that drives Luc gene expression. Thus, quantifying changes in luciferase expression in the treated reporter cells provides a sensitive surrogate measure of the changes in human TrkA activity.
Therefore, the principal application of this reporter assay is in the screening of test compounds to quantify any functional activity that they may exert against TrkA, or the coupled Ca+2∙calcineurin / NFAT signal transduction pathway.
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